Asian Journal of Dental Sciences 2020-03-25T09:01:55+00:00 Asian Journal of Dental Sciences Open Journal Systems <p style="text-align: justify;"><strong>Asian Journal of Dental Sciences</strong>&nbsp;aims to publish&nbsp;high-quality&nbsp;papers (<a href="/index.php/AJDS/general-guideline-for-authors">Click here for Types of paper</a>) in all areas of&nbsp;‘Dental research’. This journal facilitates the research and wishes to publish papers as long as they are technically correct, scientifically motivated. The journal also encourages the submission of useful reports of negative results. This is a quality controlled,&nbsp;OPEN&nbsp;peer-reviewed, open access INTERNATIONAL journal.</p> Iraqi Adult Cephalometric Standards: An Analytical Approach 2020-02-15T10:21:15+00:00 Hayder A. Kadhim Arkan Muslim Al. Azzawi Aymen Hameed Uraibi Hasan Sabah Hasan <p><strong>Objective</strong><strong>: </strong>To establish a more accurate reliable standard value of the widely used cephalometric parameters for the Iraqi Arab adults and comparing them to the norms of Caucasians counterparts.</p> <p><strong>Materials and Methods: </strong>A meta-analysis of the pertinent cephalometric studies of Iraqi adults for period confined between 1988 to 2017 was conducted. 27 of the total of 92 collected studies were met the inclusion criteria. The selected studies have involved the published articles and unpublished master theses, all of them exhibit numerical data for both genders of Iraqi Arab individuals who have class I skeletal pattern with normal occlusion. Selection of 35 parameters took place, included mostly used skeletodental cephalometric measurements to be evaluated and compared. Statistical tests were applied to describe the means and SD, also to find out the statistical ethnic difference between the Iraqis and Caucasians.</p> <p><strong>Results:</strong> The standard norms of many cephalometric parameters exhibited a significant gender difference in Iraqi adults’ individuals, with greater linear hard tissues measurements in males, while non-significant gender differences appeared in facial soft tissue profile. On the other hands, most of the elected cephalometric parameters showed statistically significant differences between the Iraqi Arab and Caucasians compares. Generally, the Iraqis had smaller craniofacial dimensions, maxillary and mandibular skeletal retrusion and more convex profile.</p> <p><strong>Conclusions:&nbsp; </strong>Apparent sexual dimorphism in addition to significant ethnic difference requires the adoption of gender as well as ethnic specified standard norms during the cephalometric analysis of Iraqi Arab adult patients seeking orthodontic treatment, to reach an accurate diagnosis and treatment objectives.</p> 2020-02-15T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Dental Fluorosis: Dilemma of Genetic Susceptibility 2020-03-25T09:01:55+00:00 Luay Thanoon Younis Faatin Afeefah Ahmad Naqiyuddin Afiqah Azhar Ahmad Izzat Arief Amron Aida Nur Ashikin Abd Rahman Mohamed Ibrahim Abu Hassan <p>Excessive exposure to fluoride during formation of teeth may lead to a severe hypomineralization condition, called dental fluorosis. Genes such as Collagen type 1 alpha 2 (COL1A2), Estrogen receptor (ESR), Prolactin (PRL), Catechol-o-methyltransferase (COMT), matrix metalloproteinase 20 (MMP20) and many others have been implicated in the incidence of dental fluorosis. This mini-review is an insight into the fact that fluorosis incidence and intensity are significantly related to individual’s genetic background.</p> 2020-03-25T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Perception of Malocclusion by Children of Different Age Groups and Its Effects on their Oral Health Related Quality of Life as Assessed by Video Recording 2020-02-13T11:51:06+00:00 B. N. Shruti S. N. Basavaraj G. Meher Kiranmayi Tuga Hamed Mohanad Hassan <p><strong>Aims:</strong> The aim of the study was to assess the perception of malocclusion by various age groups of children and its effect on their Oral Health Related Quality of life.</p> <p><strong>Study Design:</strong>&nbsp; Randomized controlled hospital based study.</p> <p><strong>Place and Duration of Study:</strong> The study was conducted at the Department of Pedodontics and Preventive Dentistry in K.L.E’s Institute of Dental Sciences Bangalore, Karnataka India, between June 2010 and July 2013.</p> <p><strong>Methodology:</strong> 62 children of the age 5-15 years of both gender were selected for the study and categorized into Malocclusion group and Control group. These groups were further divided into age groups of 5-7 years, 8-10 years and 11-14 years. Oral examination of all children was done to include in study groups. Children and parents participating in the study responded to two separate Oral Health Related Quality of Life (OHRQL) questionnaires. The children were asked to watch a funny cartoon show and a video was made. The video was cropped into still images at 25 predetermined points. Width and openness of the children’s mouth and number of teeth shown were measured during the taped sessions to assess the children’s video – based smiling patterns.</p> <p><strong>Results:</strong> There existed a negative correlation between the width of smile and number of teeth shown and the severity of malocclusion as measured by the Dental Aesthetic Index.</p> <p><strong>Conclusion:</strong> Children of the age group 8-10 years and 11-15 years suffering from malocclusion had more effects on the emotions, the self-confidence and social interaction than children of the age group 5-7 years and children belonging to the control group.</p> 2020-02-13T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement##